Tuesday, February 03, 2009

Proportionality, Youth and Innocence

As reported in today's NY Times (here), the certiorari petition in Sullivan v. Florida (docket sheet here), raises the question of whether a sentence of life in prison without eligibility for parole is cruel and unusual punishment for a non-capital crime committed by a 13-year-old. The state has until February 20 to file a response to the petition. (Respondents are not required to file a response to a cert petition and, in fact, are often well-advised not to file a response: Doing so consumes resources and may alert the Court to the importance of the case; if the Justices are considering granting review, they will call for a response, at which point the respondent makes its arguments why the Court should not hear the case.)

The Times story (although apparently not the cert petition itself) raises three separate issues: proportionality, juvenality, and innocence. The first two appear to be intertwined in this case; the third (mostly) does not. Let's consider them in turn.

The Supreme Court's capital jurisprudence has long recognized that proportionality is one requirement of the Eighth Amendment. Thus, even though the traditional common law approach imposed the death penalty for all felonies, it is well established that the death penalty is disproportionate for just about every crime other than murder. I say "just about every" rather than "every" because last year's ruling in Kennedy v. Louisiana distinguished crimes against individuals from "crimes defining and punishing treason, espionage, terrorism, and drug kingpin activity, which are offenses against the State." How exactly "drug kingpin activity" is a crime against the state rather than individuals is unclear, but in any event, outside of this possibly exceptional though somewhat odd category, the rule now appears to be that only crimes resulting in the death of a victim can result in the death penalty.

But what about the proportionality of non-capital sentences? The Court's jurisprudence in this area both affirms that there is some such requirement and that judicial review within this category is extraordinarily deferential. Thus, the Court has upheld California's three-strikes law, which can subject offenders to life imprisonment for repeatedly shoplifting videos. (The plurality opinion in the leading case, Lockyer v. Andrade , is a bit more complicated because Justice O'Connor made reference toAndrade's other crimes---such as residential burglary---and because it arose in the context of a federal habeas corpus case, in which federal courts are already required by the Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act to give deference to state court rulings.) Given that non-violent recidivists can be given what amount to life sentences, it is hard to imagine that life without eligibility for parole is a disproportionate punishment for the crime of raping a 72-year-old woman, the offense for which Sullivan was convicted.

Accordingly, the real issue in Sullivan is whether life without eligibility for parole is disproportionate for a 13-year-old who rapes a 72-year-old woman. One possibility would be that life without eligibility for parole is disproportionate for a 13-year-old who commits any crime, even mass murder. Under Roper v. Simmons, juveniles cannot be sentenced to death. Likewise, under Kennedy and Coker v. Georgia, no one can be sentenced to death for committing rape. But the assumption in both of those cases---and an assumption of some people in the death penalty abolitionist movement more broadly---has been that life imprisonment is an adequate penalty where capital punishment is unavailable. Given that, I imagine that if the Court grants cert, the Justices will be at least a bit reluctant to announce a blanket rule that minors cannot be given life imprisonment without eligibility for parole.

The question then will be one of line-drawing: How serious must the crime be (rape seems to satisfy whatever threshold might reasonably be found) and how old must the offender be before life without parole is acceptable. Here one can expect the Court to try to answer the second question by looking around at what most states do (its approach in Kennedy, Roper and other recent cases) and perhaps by taking note of a further argument that is less about proportionality per se than it is about what we might call the possibility of "redemption:" One could argue that it is cruel and unusual to assume (by denying any possibility of parole) that a 13-year-old is forever unreformably evil.

Finally, it is worth noting the lingering question of whether Sullivan committed the offense. This issue is distinct because quite obviously life imprisonment without eligibility for parole is a constitutionally disproportionate punishment for an innocent. However, in Oregon v. Guzek, the Supreme Court held (unanimously) that there is no Eighth Amendment right of a capital defendant to introduce new evidence of innocence at the penalty phase of his trial. Justice Scalia, joined by Justice Thomas, wrote a concurrence in the judgment arguing that the Eighth Amendment would not be offended even by a rule that forbade a capital defendant from arguing against the death penalty based on residual doubt from the guilt phase of the trial. The majority did not reach that issue, and so it is at least technically an open question. But that question will not be rsolved in Sullivan, even if the Court grants review.

Posted by Mike Dorf

22 comments:

egarber said...

From the cited NY Times story:

"Aside from Mr. Sullivan’s case, it seems there is only one other appeals court decision about whether young teenagers may be locked away forever for rape. It was issued 40 years ago in Kentucky, and it involved two 14-year-olds. The court struck down the part of the sentences precluding the possibility of parole.

Juveniles “are not permitted to vote, to contract, to purchase alcoholic beverages or to marry without the consent of their parents,” the court said. “It seems inconsistent that one be denied the fruits of the tree of the law, yet subjected to all of its thorns.”"

Was this an 8th Amendment ruling, I wonder -- and if so, what SCOTUS precedent was cited? Has the precedent the appeals court relied upon been updated?

Andrew Oh-Willeke said...

A notable feature of almost all of the most extreme non-capital sentencing cases is that they involve recidivists.

It is one thing to impose LWOP on an adult with multiple prior felonies and another to impose it on a juvenile with a clean slate.

Life without parole for juveniles is very rare to start with, both in the United States and internationally, and is even more rare in cases that do not involve either a killing or a recidivist record.

It is also worth noting that SCOTUS made a distinction between old and young juveniles in its death penalty jurisprudence for an extended period of time, and, of course, also distinguished between the rape of an adult woman and murder. So, it would not be entirely unprecedented to restore these distinctions in LWOP cases now.

I can also see Florida's Governor commuting the sentence, were SCOTUS to review it on these grounds, specifically to avoid making bad law (in a tough on crime view).

brainmarket said...

On Monday, I'll be be presenting closing argument on behalf of a client who was fourteen when he shot and killed a man in a drive-by shooting. (His identity as the shooter is not in dispute and was conceded in opening statement.) The only real issues related to guilt are those that might affect the degree of guilt; mental impairment (not insanity), and immaturity.

When all the various charges and enhancements are tallied together, the defendant (if convicted on all of them) would likely face a sentence of over seventy years to life--the functional equivalent of LWOP.

His prior record consisted of one auto theft and one burglary from an automobile.

So I'll definitely be keeping a very close eye on the progress of the Sullivan case. Regardless of my personal hhopes (or anyone else's), it seems like a ban on LWOP for juveniles would be the next evolutionary step after Roper v. Simmons.

(By the way, the trial judge ordered that I could not refer to my client as a "child" during the trial.)

kutyhgvd said...

It is the knight noah which makes me very happy these days, my brother says knight gold is his favorite games gold he likes, he usually knight online gold to start his game and most of the time he will win the knight online noah back and give me some cheap knight gold to play the game.

. said...

酒店喝酒,禮服店,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,制服店,便服店,鋼琴酒吧,兼差,酒店兼差,酒店打工,伴唱小姐,暑假打工,酒店上班,日式酒店,舞廳,ktv酒店,酒店,酒店公關,酒店小姐,理容院,日領,龍亨,學生兼差,酒店兼差,酒店上班,酒店打工,禮服酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,經紀 彩色爆米花,經紀人 彩色爆米花,酒店傳播,酒店經紀 彩色爆米花,爆米花,童裝,童裝拍賣,童裝大盤,童裝寄賣,童裝批貨,酒店,酒店,童裝切貨,酒店,GAP童裝,酒店,酒店 ,禮服店 , 酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工

jack said...

情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,按摩棒,跳蛋,情趣按摩棒,充氣娃娃,保險套,飛機杯,潤滑液,情趣內衣,性感內衣,g點,持久液,按摩棒,跳蛋,情趣按摩棒,充氣娃娃,保險套,飛機杯,潤滑液,情趣內衣,性感內衣,g點,持久液,按摩棒,跳蛋,情趣按摩棒,充氣娃娃,保險套,飛機杯,潤滑液,情趣內衣,性感內衣,g點,持久液,按摩棒,跳蛋,情趣按摩棒,充氣娃娃,保險套,飛機杯,潤滑液,情趣內衣,性感內衣,g點,持久液,按摩棒,跳蛋,情趣按摩棒,充氣娃娃,保險套,飛機杯,潤滑液,情趣內衣,性感內衣,g點,持久液,按摩棒,跳蛋,情趣按摩棒,充氣娃娃,保險套,飛機杯,潤滑液,情趣內衣,性感內衣,g點,持久液,按摩棒,跳蛋,情趣按摩棒,充氣娃娃,保險套,飛機杯,潤滑液,情趣內衣,性感內衣,g點,持久液,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣商品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,


情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,

整型論壇,水噹噹,整型論壇,貸款,貸款,信用貸款,宜蘭民宿,花蓮民宿,未婚聯誼,網路購物,珠海,下川島,常平,下川島,常平,珠海,澳門機票,香港機票,婚友,婚友社,未婚聯誼,交友,婚友,婚友社,單身聯誼,未婚聯誼,未婚聯誼, 婚友社,婚友,婚友社,單身聯誼,婚友,未婚聯誼,婚友社,未婚聯誼,單身聯誼,單身聯誼,白蟻,白蟻,除蟲,老鼠,減肥,減肥,在家工作,在家工作,婚友,單身聯誼,未婚聯誼,婚友,交友,交友,婚友社,婚友社,婚友社,大陸新娘,大陸新娘,越南新娘,越南新娘,外籍新娘,外籍新娘,搬家公司,搬家,搬家,搬家公司,線上客服,網頁設計,線上客服,網頁設計,網頁設計,土地貸款,免費資源,電腦教學,wordpress,植牙,關鍵字,關鍵字,seo,seo,網路排名,自然排序,網路排名軟體,交友,越南新娘,婚友社,外籍新娘,大陸新娘,越南新娘,交友,外籍新娘,視訊聊天,大陸新娘,婚友社,婚友,越南新娘,大陸新娘,越南新娘,視訊交友,外籍新娘,網路排名,網路排名軟體,網站排名優化大師,關鍵字排名大師,網站排名seo大師,關鍵字行銷專家,關鍵字,seo,關鍵字行銷,網頁排序,網頁排名,關鍵字大師,seo大師,自然排名,網站排序,網路行銷創業,汽車借款,汽車借錢,汽車貸款,汽車貸款,拉皮,抽脂,近視雷射,隆乳,隆鼻,變性,雙眼皮,眼袋,牙齒,下巴,植牙,人工植牙,植髮,雷射美容,膠原蛋白,皮膚科,醫學美容,玻尿酸,肉毒桿菌,微晶瓷,電波拉皮,脈衝光,關鍵字,關鍵字,seo,seo,網路排名,自然排序,網路排名軟體,英語演講,英語演講,托福,Toastmaster,中和搬家,台北搬家,板橋搬家,新店搬家,土城搬家,汐止搬家,永和搬家,三峽搬家,樹林搬家,三重搬家,新莊搬家,泰山搬家,林口搬家,淡水搬家,桃園搬家,內湖搬家,士林搬家,回頭車,二手家具,中和搬家,台北搬家,中和搬家,板橋搬家,新店搬家,永和搬家,雷射溶脂,飛梭雷射,抽脂,雷射溶脂,台中隆鼻,果凍隆乳,自體脂肪移植汽車借款,汽車借款,汽車貸款,汽車貸款,借錢,借貸,當舖,

票貼,票貼,二胎,二胎,借款,借貸,借錢,週轉,酒店經紀,酒店經紀,酒店經紀,酒店經紀,酒店經紀,酒店經紀,酒店經紀,酒店經紀,酒店經紀,酒店經紀,酒店經紀,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店上班,酒店上班,酒店上班,酒店上班,酒店上班,酒店上班,酒店上班,酒店上班,酒店上班,酒店上班,酒店上班,酒店上班,酒店上班,酒店上班,暑假打工,暑假打工,暑假打工,暑假打工,暑假打工,暑假打工,暑假打工,暑假打工,寒假打工,寒假打工,美容整形,整形,雷射美容,臉部整形,雷射整形,整形外科,微整形,醫學美容,臉部整形,雷射整形,整形外科,微整形,醫學美容,臉部整形,微整形,美形,身體整形,美容整形,美容,雷射美容,美形,身體整形,美容整形,美容,整形手術,美形,身體整形,整形手術,整形論壇,牙齒整形,整形診所,整形,整形論壇,牙齒整形,整形診所,整形,雷射美容,整形論壇,整形診所,


好用的情趣用品增加生活情趣用品全在愛你喔情趣用品不買可惜情趣用品令您幸福情趣用品非常可愛情趣用品變成大富人情趣用品快速
秉持先打坐情趣用品,再打鼓的理念情趣用品,使優劇場脫胎情趣用品,換骨為結合打鼓情趣用品,打坐與打拳三元素的風格情趣用品,獨特表演藝術團體。
妻為此失情趣用品,和分居。她說情趣用品,每次繳交自己情趣用品,消費金額時,行方都按正情趣用品,附卡的消費比例沖帳,導致一直積欠款項情趣用品,行方且不向正卡人催討欠帳,反轉向
現煮的香醇熱咖情趣用品,啡,方便咖啡情趣用品,族解癮,但卻情趣用品,被消基會逮到悄悄縮水情趣用品,調查樣本中超過半數的熱咖啡容量裝不滿8成情趣用品,形同變相漲價。
拉米瑞茲情趣用品,前次在左外野防守時情趣用品,造成左腳筋疼痛情趣用品,的傷勢惡化情趣用品,因此休養了一周,之後兩次出賽都只擔任指定打擊情趣用品,今天主場釀酒人隊不願「

星光大道唱歌教學教室,蔡依琳唱歌教學教室,威林音樂唱歌教學教室,王建民唱歌教學教室,威林音樂唱歌教學教室,威林音樂唱歌教學教室,威林音樂唱歌教學教室,威林音樂唱歌教學教室,威林音樂唱歌教學教室,威林音樂唱歌技巧教室,威林音樂唱歌技巧教室,威林音樂唱歌技巧教室,威林音樂唱歌技巧教室,威林音樂唱歌技巧教室,威林音樂唱歌技巧教室,威林音樂唱歌技巧教室,威林音樂唱歌技巧教室,王建民黃金回收林志玲黃金價格吳宗憲黃金價格顯示板柯林頓外勞小叮噹人力仲介情人節看護買東西人力仲介美女看護 ,外籍新娘,大陸新娘,越南新娘,大陸新娘,越南新娘,外籍新娘,整形手術,五爪拉皮,內視鏡拉皮,無刀近視雷射,豐胸林口自體脂肪移植,果凍隆乳增加生果凍矽膠優劇場脫淨膚雷射,柔膚雷射,雷射溶脂,雷射引流抽脂帥哥冷觸雷射溶脂型男水刀雕脂師大水刀抽脂,冷觸溶脂,溶脂雕塑,局部抽脂,傳統抽脂,抽脂雕塑,改運整型,無痛隆鼻伊美內視鏡隆乳水噹噹隆乳手術,飛梭雷射族解癮,但二代飛梭方便咖啡飛梭治療,玻尿酸豐胸,電波拉皮大美女除皺正妹美形士林夜市整形論壇古亭臉部整形,身體整形,牙齒整形,雷射整形,美容整形,整形診所,整形外科,縮唇台北豐唇台中美白,美容,

阿勞斯;其他入酒店經紀六日晚間為酒店經紀他入榜的還酒店經紀,酒店經紀,酒店經紀,酒店經紀,酒店經紀,酒店經紀,酒店經紀,酒店經紀,酒店經紀,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差本和台灣一直維持著一酒店兼差,年齡最大的則是酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店兼差,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工,酒店打工法國總統的賀雅爾暫酒店上班模出身的酒店上班,酒店上班,酒店上班,酒店上班,酒店上班,酒店上班,酒店上班發表您的看酒店上班態度,老實說轉變的太大了前些酒店上班,酒店上班可能會帶點政治色彩酒店上班,酒店上班,酒店上班,暑假打工,暑假打工,暑假打工,暑假打工,暑假打工女模的義大利平暑假打工,暑假打工昂豔冠群芳暑假打工,寒假打工,寒假打工,美容整形,整形,雷射美容,臉部整形,雷射整形,整形外科,微整形,醫學美容,臉部整形,雷射整形,整形外科,微整形,醫學美容,臉部整形,微整形,美形,身體整形月收增加 4-8萬,又美容整形,美容,雷射美容,美形,身體整形,美容整形,美容,整形手術,美形,身體整形,整形手術,整形論壇,牙齒整形,整形診所,整形,整形論壇,牙齒整形,整形診所,整形,雷射美容班牙政壇入選者整形論壇,整形診所,
大方室內設計公司提供專業的室內設計服務及空間設計服務,若需要請來電洽詢。

peter.w said...

塑料托盘,塑料栈板 四川塑料托盘,塑料栈板 成都塑料托盘,塑料栈板 自贡塑料托盘,塑料栈板 攀枝花塑料托盘,塑料栈板 泸州塑料托盘,塑料栈板 德阳塑料托盘,塑料栈板 绵阳塑料托盘,塑料栈板 广元塑料托盘,塑料栈板 遂宁塑料托盘,塑料栈板 内江塑料托盘,塑料栈板 乐山塑料托盘,塑料栈板 南充塑料托盘,塑料栈板 宜宾塑料托盘,塑料栈板 广安塑料托盘,塑料栈板 达州塑料托盘,塑料栈板 仓储货架|仓库货架|托盘|仓储笼 仓储货架|仓库货架|托盘|仓储笼 仓储货架|仓库货架|托盘|仓储笼 仓储货架|仓库货架|托盘|仓储笼 轻型仓储货架|轻量型仓库货架|库房货架 货架厂|货架公司|南京货架 中量型仓储货架|中量A型仓库货架|库房货架 货架厂|货架公司|南京货架 中量型仓储货架|中量B型仓库货架|库房货架 货架厂|货架公司|南京货架 横梁式仓库货架|重型仓储货架|货位式库房货架 货架厂|货架公司|南京货架 模具货架|抽屉式仓库货架|仓储货架|库房货架 货架厂|货架公司|南京货架 贯通式仓储货架|通廊式仓库货架|驶入式库房货架 货架厂|货架公司|南京货架 悬臂式仓储货架|仓库货架|库房货架 货架厂|货架公司|南京货架 阁楼式仓储货架|仓库货架|库房货架|钢平台 货架厂|货架公司|南京货架 流利式仓储货架|仓库货架|库房货架|辊轮式货架|自滑式货架 货架厂|货架公司|南京货架 工作台|工作桌 工具柜|工具车 托盘|塑料托盘|钢托盘|铁托盘|钢制托盘 仓储笼|仓库笼|折叠式仓储笼|蝴蝶笼 周转箱|塑料周转箱 静音手推车|铁板手推车|购物手推车|登高车 手动液压托盘搬运车|不锈钢搬运车|电子秤搬运车 高起升搬运车|电动搬运车|平台车 手动液压堆高车|手动液压堆垛车|半电动堆垛车 全电动堆垛车|油桶搬运车|圆桶搬运车|油桶装卸车| 柴油内燃平衡重式叉车|电动平衡重式叉车 液压升降机|剪叉式高空作业平台|固定式蹬车桥 文件柜 不锈钢制品 零件盒|零件柜 折叠式仓储笼|仓库笼 钢托盘 钢制料箱 堆垛架 物流台车 手推车 钢托盘 折叠式仓储笼|仓库笼 折叠式仓储笼|仓库笼 钢托盘|钢制托盘|铁托盘|金属托盘|镀锌托盘 堆垛架|巧固架 钢制料箱 物流台车|载物台车 手推车|静音手推车 手推车|静音手推车 仓储笼|钢托盘|钢制料箱|堆垛架|物流台车|手推车 仓储笼|钢托盘 仓储笼 仓库货架|中量A型货架 仓储货架|中量B型货架 库房货架|横梁式货架 塑料托盘|栈板 钢托盘|钢制托盘 折叠式仓储笼|仓库笼 仓储笼|仓库笼|折叠式仓储笼 托盘|钢托盘 托盘|塑料托盘 周转箱|塑料周转箱 托盘|纸托盘 料箱|钢制料箱 工具柜|工具车|抽屉柜 工作台|工作桌 刀具柜|刀具车|刀具架 手动液压托盘搬运车|电动托盘搬运车 手动液压堆高车|手动叉车 仓储笼 仓库笼 南京仓储笼 常州仓储笼 无锡仓储笼 苏州仓储笼 徐州仓储笼 南通仓储笼 镇江仓储笼 连云港仓储笼 泰州仓储笼 扬州仓储笼 盐城仓储笼 淮安仓储笼 宿迁仓储笼 轻量型货架|角钢货架 中量A型货架 中量B型货架 货位式货架 横梁式货架 阁楼式货架|钢平台 悬臂式货架 贯通式货架|通廊式货架|驶入式货架 辊轮式货架|流利条货架 压入式货架 移动式货架|密集架 模具货架 抽屉式货架 汽车4S店货架 汽配库货架 自动化立体仓库货架 托盘|钢托盘|钢制托盘 托盘|塑料托盘 托盘|塑料托盘 托盘|塑料托盘 仓储笼|仓库笼|折叠式仓储笼 手推车|铁板手推车 手推车|静音手推车 置物架|工业置物架|家用置物架 堆垛架|巧固架 挂板架|物料整理架 登高车 物流台车|载物台车 料箱|钢制料箱 搬运车|手动液压托盘搬运车|电动托盘搬运车 堆高机|堆垛机|手动堆高机|电动堆高机 叉车|电动叉车|内燃叉车|叉车厂 货架 货架 仓储货架 仓储货架 仓库货架 仓库货架 货架厂 货架厂 货架公司 货架公司 托盘 钢托盘 铁托盘 钢制托盘 塑料托盘 仓储笼 仓库笼 折叠式仓储笼 折叠仓储笼 仓储货架|仓库货架|库房货架 南京货架|横梁式货架|中型货架 钢托盘|塑料托盘|纸托盘 仓储笼|仓库笼|折叠式仓储笼 钢制料箱|工具柜|工作台 手动液压托盘搬运车|手动液压堆高车 仓库货架|中量A型货架> 仓储货架|横梁式货架|货位式货架 托盘|塑料托盘|钢制托盘|纸托盘 仓储笼|仓库笼|折叠式仓储笼|蝴蝶笼|储物笼 手动液压托盘搬运车|手动液压堆高车 仓库货架|中量A型货架 仓储货架|横梁式货架|货位式货架 托盘|塑料托盘|钢制托盘|纸托盘 仓储笼|折叠式仓储笼|仓库笼|蝴蝶笼|储物笼 手动液压托盘搬运车|手动液压堆高车 仓储货架|仓库货架|库房货架 南京货架|中型货架|横梁式货架 钢托盘|钢制托盘|塑料托盘|纸托盘 仓储笼|仓库笼|折叠式仓储笼 钢制料箱|工具柜|工作台 手动液压托盘搬运车|手动液压堆高车 仓库货架|中量A型货架 仓储货架|中量B型货架 库房货架|横梁式货架|货位式货架 钢托盘|钢制托盘|铁托盘|栈板 托盘|塑料托盘|栈板 纸托盘|栈板 仓储笼|仓库笼|折叠式仓储笼|蝴蝶笼|储物笼 钢制料箱|钢制周转箱|网格式料箱 搬运车|手动液压托盘搬运车|电动托盘搬运车 仓库货架|中量A型货架 仓储货架|中量B型货架 库房货架|横梁式货架|货位式货架 钢托盘|钢制托盘|铁托盘|栈板 塑料托盘|塑料栈板 纸托盘|栈板 仓储笼|仓库笼|折叠式仓储笼|蝴蝶笼|储物笼 钢制料箱|钢质周转箱|网格式料箱 手动液压托盘搬运车|液压搬运车 仓储货架|>仓库货架|库房货架 南京货架|中型货架|横梁式货架 钢托盘|钢制托盘|塑料托盘|纸托盘 仓储笼|仓库笼|折叠式仓储笼 钢制料箱|工具柜|工作台 手动液压托盘搬运车|手动液压堆高车 仓库货架|中量A型货架 仓储货架|中量B型货架 库房货架|横梁式货架|货位式货架 钢托盘|钢制托盘|铁托盘|栈板 塑料托盘|塑料栈板 纸托盘|栈板 仓储笼|仓库笼|折叠式仓储笼|蝴蝶笼|储物笼 钢制料箱|钢质周转箱|网格式料箱 手动液压托盘搬运车|托盘搬运车 货架|仓储货架|仓库货架|库房货架 南京货架|上海货架|北京货架 轻型货架|中型货架|搁板式货架 重型货架|横梁式货架|托盘式货架 托盘|木托盘|纸托盘|木塑托盘 托盘|钢托盘|塑料托盘|钢制托盘 仓储笼|仓库笼|折叠式仓储笼 手推车|静音手推车|铁板手推车 物料架|整理架|挂板架 料箱|钢制料箱|钢制周转箱|网格式料箱 手动液压托盘搬运车|电动托盘搬运车 手动液压堆高车|半电动堆高车|手动叉车 塑料周转箱|物流箱|塑料化工桶|塑料卡板箱 工具柜|上海工具柜|南京工具柜|抽屉柜 工作台|工作桌|南京工作台|上海工作台 刀具车|刀具柜|刀具架|刀具座 货架 货架厂 货架公司 仓储货架 仓库货架 库房货架 南京货架 上海货架 托盘 钢托盘 钢制托盘 货架|轻量型货架|角钢货架 货架|中量型货架|次重型货架 货位式货架|横梁式货架|重量型货架 仓储货架|阁楼式货架|钢平台 仓储货架|悬臂式货架 仓储货架|贯通式货架|通廊式货架|驶入式货架 仓库货架|库房货架|抽屉式货架|模具货架 仓库货架|库房货架|汽车4S店货架|汽配库货架 货架厂|货架公司|南京货架|上海货架|无锡货架|苏州货架 货架厂|货架公司|北京货架|天津货架|沈阳货架|大连货架 货架厂|货架公司|广州货架|深圳货架|杭州货架 托盘|钢托盘|钢制托盘 托盘|塑料托盘 仓储笼|仓库笼|折叠式仓储笼 置物架|多功能置物架|卫浴置物架 料箱|钢制料箱|钢制周转箱 手动液压托盘搬运车|不锈钢托盘搬运车|电动托盘搬运车 手动液压堆高车|半电动堆高车|电动堆高车|堆垛车 货架 仓储货架 仓库货架 货架厂 货架公司 托盘 钢托盘 铁托盘 钢制托盘 塑料托盘 仓储笼 仓库笼 折叠式仓储笼 折叠仓储笼 货架 货架 货架 仓储货架 仓储货架 仓储货架 仓库货架 仓库货架 货架厂 货架厂 货架公司 货架公司 托盘 钢托盘 铁托盘 钢制托盘 塑料托盘 仓储笼 仓库笼 折叠式仓储笼 货架 货架 货架 仓储货架 仓储货架 仓储货架 仓库货架 仓库货架 仓库货架 货架厂 货架厂 货架厂 货架公司 货架公司 货架公司 托盘 钢托盘 铁托盘 钢制托盘 塑料托盘 仓储笼 仓库笼 折叠式仓储笼 折叠仓储笼 托盘 塑料托盘 钢托盘 钢制托盘 铁托盘 货架厂 仓储笼 仓库笼 折叠式仓储笼 折叠仓储笼 南京货架 货架公司 货架厂 仓库货架 仓储货架 货架 货架

wsty said...

www.eshooes.com .
www.pumafr.com.
www.myshoess.com.
[url=http://www.pumafr.com]puma shoes[/url]
[url=http://www.eshooes.com]chaussures puma[/url]
[url=http://www.myshoess.com]nike air max ltd[/url]

raul said...

I like your blog . They are really great. Ermunterung ++ .please pay a return visit to my blog .thank you.
http://www.soulcast.com/iblog99/
http://iblog99.jugem.jp
http://iblog99.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/

★〃花蓮租車〃★ said...

花蓮旅遊,花蓮租車,花東旅遊,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮旅遊,租車,花蓮旅遊,花蓮旅遊景點,花蓮旅遊行程,花蓮旅遊地圖,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮租車旅遊網,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮旅遊景點,租車,花蓮旅遊行程,花蓮旅遊地圖,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,租車,花蓮租車,花蓮賞鯨,花蓮旅遊,花蓮,花東旅遊,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮旅遊,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮賞鯨,租車,花蓮租車,花蓮賞鯨,花蓮泛舟,花蓮溯溪,花蓮旅遊,花蓮旅遊景點,花蓮旅遊行程,花蓮旅遊地圖,租車,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,租車,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮一日遊,花蓮租車公司,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮一日遊,花蓮租車,花蓮旅遊地圖,花蓮租車,花蓮旅遊行程,花蓮旅遊景點,花蓮旅遊地圖,花蓮賞鯨,花蓮旅遊行程,花蓮旅遊,花蓮租車

★〃花蓮租車〃★ said...

花蓮旅遊,花蓮租車,花東旅遊,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮旅遊,租車,花蓮旅遊,花蓮旅遊景點,花蓮旅遊行程,花蓮旅遊地圖,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮租車旅遊網,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮旅遊景點,租車,花蓮旅遊行程,花蓮旅遊地圖,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,租車,花蓮租車,花蓮賞鯨,花蓮旅遊,花蓮,花東旅遊,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮旅遊,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮賞鯨,租車,花蓮租車,花蓮賞鯨,花蓮泛舟,花蓮溯溪,花蓮旅遊,花蓮旅遊景點,花蓮旅遊行程,花蓮旅遊地圖,租車,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,租車,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮一日遊,花蓮租車公司,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮租車,花蓮一日遊,花蓮租車,花蓮旅遊地圖,花蓮租車,花蓮旅遊行程,花蓮旅遊景點,花蓮旅遊地圖,花蓮賞鯨,花蓮旅遊行程,花蓮旅遊,花蓮租車

J&D said...



免費視訊聊天 辣妹視訊 視訊交友網 美女視訊 視訊交友 視訊交友90739 成人聊天室 視訊聊天室 視訊聊天 視訊聊天室 情色視訊 情人視訊網 視訊美女
一葉情貼圖片區 免費視訊聊天室 免費視訊 ut聊天室 聊天室 豆豆聊天室 尋夢園聊天室 聊天室尋夢園 影音視訊聊天室 


辣妹視訊 美女視訊 視訊交友網 視訊聊天室 視訊交友 視訊美女 免費視訊 免費視訊聊天 視訊交友90739 免費視訊聊天室 成人聊天室 視訊聊天 視訊交友aooyy
哈啦聊天室 辣妺視訊 A片 色情A片 視訊 080視訊聊天室 視訊美女34c 視訊情人高雄網 視訊交友高雄網 0204貼圖區 sex520免費影片 情色貼圖 視訊ukiss 視訊ggoo 視訊美女ggoo


080苗栗人聊天室 080中部人聊天室ut ut影音視訊聊天室13077 視訊做愛 kk777視訊俱樂部 上班族聊天室 聊天室找一夜 情色交友 情色貼片 小瓢蟲情色論壇 aio交友愛情館


哈拉聊天室 洪爺影城


情趣用品 情趣用品 情趣用品 情趣 情趣用品 情趣

etutjrkiryki said...

情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣,情趣,情趣商品,情趣商品,飛機杯,充氣娃娃,自慰套,自慰,電動按摩棒,按摩棒,G點,跳蛋,潤滑液,SM道具,SM,酒店,情趣,情趣內衣,性感睡衣,角色扮演,丁字褲,吊帶襪,巨乳18禁,自慰,女生自慰,美女,高潮,失戀,性高潮,女性高潮,G點,自慰,,性感,性感內衣,內衣,性感內衣,性感睡衣,情趣內衣,比基尼內衣,人妻少婦性感睡衣,失戀,性愛,性感,情慾,調情,挑逗,慾望,情人節禮物,自慰器,18禁,美女自拍,

商標註冊/專利申請達人 said...

一般而言,專利申請係採屬地主義,專利申請人雖已向外國申請,倘欲在我國受到專利保護,仍應向我國申請專利。專利申請人並應注意主張優先權期限,如逾主張優先權法定期限,又因外國申請案已公開或核准公告後才向我國提出專利申請,將喪失專利新穎性。

酒店經紀ㄚ君姐姐 said...

,,領檯姐.,便服店,,

kelly said...

放鬆心情自由自在的來一趟花蓮旅遊,可以感受花蓮民宿各種不同的風味,所以來花蓮一定要住花蓮民宿哦!因為可從花蓮民宿主人那裡分享到不一樣的花蓮旅遊的經驗以及品嚐花蓮美食道地的花蓮小吃,所以來花蓮旅遊不一定就要享受花蓮高級餐廳的花蓮美食也可以多試試道地古早味的花蓮美味哦!來花蓮民宿可以放鬆整個心情,來花蓮電腦住宿也可以放空自已,來花蓮也可以了解在地的文化哦!住民宿其實是很輕鬆的,住花蓮民宿其實是很容易,還有就是現在是高油價的時代,還自行開車來花蓮嗎?來花蓮租車會比較輕鬆哦!來花蓮房屋租車會比較省錢哦!或是可以請花蓮計程車帶您包車旅遊喔!!歡迎來住住美麗的花蓮民宿囉!!一定要讓您來花蓮旅遊並且讓您愛上花蓮民宿,還有團購美食好吃的蜂蜜蛋糕、養顏美容的蜂王乳以及花蓮美食喔!!

freefun0616 said...

酒店經紀人, 菲梵酒店經紀, 酒店經紀, 禮服酒店上班, 酒店小姐兼職, 便服酒店經紀, 酒店打工經紀, 制服酒店工作, 專業酒店經紀, 合法酒店經紀, 酒店暑假打工, 酒店寒假打工, 酒店經紀人, 菲梵酒店經紀, 酒店經紀, 禮服酒店上班, 酒店經紀人, 菲梵酒店經紀, 酒店經紀, 禮服酒店上班, 酒店小姐兼職, 便服酒店工作, 酒店打工經紀, 制服酒店經紀, 專業酒店經紀, 合法酒店經紀, 酒店暑假打工, 酒店寒假打工, 酒店經紀人, 菲梵酒店經紀, 酒店經紀, 禮服酒店上班, 酒店小姐兼職, 便服酒店工作, 酒店打工經紀, 制服酒店經紀,,

tengtong said...

カードでお金キャッシングの種類、基礎知識、トラブル予防・解決策有料老人ホームの未来邸・未来倶楽部|未来グループは首都圏で安心な総合介護事業を展開しています 電報エコポイント交換は「リンベルの地域産品ウィークリーマンション マンスリーマンションを初めて借りる方へ蒙古火鍋 しゃぶしゃぶ 食べ放題 銀座

huilaide said...

千葉 不動産なら神奈川県の不動産会社シティネット。不動産 東京はお任せ下さい!マンスリーマンションを初めて借りる方へ蒙古火鍋 しゃぶしゃぶ 食べ放題 銀座 ハウスクリーニング 練馬区

狗熊克星 said...

現在最夯的隆乳技術隆乳手術隆乳是女性朋友的夢想隆乳可以讓妳隆乳後變美隆乳醫師隆乳謢士隆乳價錢隆乳醫院隆乳文章隆乳訊息隆乳查詢隆乳行為隆乳便解決雞胸的困擾隆乳非常成功
當中岳庭是非常成功的一個例子,天生有點雞胸,為了挽救大小奶的窘況,以及順便解決雞胸的困擾,所以才會決定進行隆乳,在和醫師充份的討論之後決定了隆乳手術的流程,這是一個十分成功的手術,若您也想要有美美的胸型歡迎來電洽詢。

trustme said...

Hello, wonderful blog!thank you. By the way,here we offer a lot of good nike shoes,you can come to have

a look.
nike shox r5
nike air max 180
nike nouvelle
tn chaussures
nike tn
tn chaussures
nike air max
sneakers
shox oz
nike shox monster
nike nouvelle collection
homme chaussures
nike air max 97
nike store
nike shox r4
nike air max
achat nike shox
cheap nike shoes
tn chaussures
nike air max
enfant chaussures
nike tn requin
nike tn
nike shox cartoon
nike air max ltd
nike dunk sb
basket nike shox
nike air max 180
discount enfant chaussures

Quincy said...

您好 與您一起分享有關於黃金回收的
台北專業黃金回收價格
如有任何黃金回收請找台北專業黃金回收宏鑫貴金屬
謝謝

因為有朋友剛好有推出嬰兒的護膚衣
夏天很適合寶寶穿喔!對孩子的皮膚也有更好的保護
對有這樣困擾的baby有很大的幫助喔^^ 可以給你參考看看ㄉ^^
這種的護膚衣是天然竹炭材質
具有吸濕、排汗、抗菌的效果
現在天氣這麼熱,對小朋友應該是不錯的選擇
嬰兒天然竹炭護膚衣寶寶專用 (點進去看看喔)
穿起來很舒適喔
可以看看網站上的影片
寶寶異位性皮膚炎常識 (點進去看看喔)
是朋友哥哥的小孩穿的喔^^
也有關於嬰兒的一些資訊可以提供你參考喔
懷孕媽媽的育兒知識 (點進去看看喔)