Friday, February 22, 2008

Canadians Again, This Time Compared to Serbians

It's hardly surprising that Serbia would reject as unlawful the declaration of independence by Kosovo. Countries with restive minority populations almost invariably resist separatist movements---and sometimes with good reason. For example, where the national majority (here Serbs) forms a substantial minority in the would-be breakaway nation, the larger nation may legitimately worry that independence will bring persecution of those of their group in the new country. The larger country may also worry that the very tensions that lead to an independence movement in the first place will continue post-independence, with a risk of war thereafter. More problematically but not irrationally, the would-be breakaway may have natural resources that the larger country does not wish to lose.

But sometimes resistance to independence may be irrational, simply a reflexive nationalism. Surely there are circumstances in which holding onto the would-be separatists is itself the source of much of the animosity. Certainly that is how many Russians feel about Chechnya, for example.

Conversely, the one true success story is the dissolution of Czechoslovakia into the Czech and Slovak Republics. As is frequently the case, so too here, the ethnic group that was less materially successful (the Slovaks) wanted out, and as so rarely occurs, the Czechs had the good sense to let them go. Both countries---but especially the Czech Republic---have done well since.

Where the country from which severance is sought is a non-democratic state, it's hard to see that any tears should be shed when the smaller unit leaves. But in a democracy, the desire of an ethnically-based majority of a geographic sub-unit to part ways can be experienced by the larger polity as a shock or even an insult. This, I think, may explain the Canadian dynamic. It is by no means clear that Canada would be worse off if Quebec (and perhaps the maritimes) were to become a separate nation. But Anglophone Canadians experience Quebec separatism (such as it is) as a challenge to their conception of Canada as multicultural country in which nationality is not ethnically based.

Posted by Mike Dorf


Unknown said...

Dear Prof. Dorf,
This is from Xiaohong Wang, Shanghai Joint Publishing Company. We have just published the Simplified Chinese edition of On Reading The Constitution. I have send 8 copies to
Best wishes,

Jean Z. said...

I think you make a good point about a democracy not wanting to lose an area that helps to make it more diverse and representative of multiple groups. But with Serbia, that's not really the case (as I'm sure you know). From what I can tell, the Serbs would be quite happy if all the Albanians in Kosovo went to Albania and left the physical land of Kosovo to Serbia. I think it's often hard for Americans, who are used to a fairly heterogeneous society built (at times shakily) on the idea that all people have equal rights, to understand what goes on somewhere like the Balkans. But when identity is so deeply tied into religion, language, culture and history, it can get really messy. I'm pretty sure Kosovo doesn't have any major resources Serbia doesn't want to lose. But it's the ancient seat of the Serbian Orthodox Church, so they see it as fundamentally unjust that it doesn't belong to "their" country anymore. Russia has always sided with Serbia - good thing they both have separatist situations to keep them together in modern times.

egarber said...

The hope is that the embassy attacks yesterday are more about general frustration than a return to ultra-nationalism. As I understand it, Serbia is a mess economically (21 percent unemployment), and many young people would happily trade Kosovo for EU inclusion and trade growth. Most of them have never even been to Kosovo.

So it's possible the recent tension is more a last gasp expression of the old guard than anything else. Then again, these things are hard to predict.

Sobek said...

Jean said: "But when identity is so deeply tied into religion, language, culture and history, it can get really messy."

Hence conservative rejection of identity politics, and identity focus in academia.

I used to live in Italy, which has two interesting separatist movements (that I know of). One seeks to split the country in half, north and south, because the north is the nation's economic powerhouse, and some northerners don't see any reason to drag southern Italy along into modernity. I can understand the sentiment, even if I disagree with it.

The other is more puzzling. Sardinia is a very poor island, with few natural resources (other than absolutely gorgeous Mediterranean beaches). Some Sardi want their island to be independent from the continent, even though it receives far more benefit from its association with the rest of Italy than Italy could possibly gain from Sardegna. I can't understand that impulse.

Anonymous said...

免費A片, ut聊天室, AV女優, 美女視訊, 免費成人影片, 成人論壇, 情色交友, 免費AV, 線上a片, 日本美女寫真集, 同志聊天室, 聊天室交友, 成人文章, 成人圖片區, 色情網站, 辣妹視訊, 美女交友, 微風成人區, 色美媚部落格, 色情影片, 成人影片, 成人網站, 免費A片, 上班族聊天室, A片,H漫, 18成人, a漫, av dvd, 一夜情聊天室, 微風成人, 成人圖片, 成人漫畫, 情色網, 日本A片, 免費A片下載, 性愛, 成人交友, 嘟嘟成人網, 嘟嘟成人網, 成人貼圖, 成人電影, 成人, 中部人聊天室, 080中部人聊天室, 成人貼圖, 成人小說, 成人文章, 成人圖片區, 免費成人影片, 成人遊戲, 微風成人, 愛情公寓, 成人電影, A片, 情色, 情色貼圖, 情色文學, 做愛, 成人遊戲, 成人影城, 色情聊天室, 色情小說, 一葉情貼圖片區, 情色小說, 色情, 寄情築園小遊戲, 色情遊戲, 成人網站, 麗的色遊戲, 色情網站, 成人論壇, 情色視訊, 情色電影, aio交友愛情館, 言情小說, 愛情小說, 色情A片, 情色論壇, 自拍, 癡漢, ,

, 豆豆聊天室, 聊天室, 色情影片, 視訊聊天室, 免費視訊聊天, 免費視訊, 視訊美女, 視訊交友, 視訊聊天, 伊莉討論區, AV, 免費視訊聊天室, a片下載, aV, av片, A漫, av dvd, UT聊天室, 尋夢園聊天室, av成人網, 聊天室, 成人論壇, 正妹牆, 正妹百人斬, aio,伊莉, 本土自拍, 自拍, A片, 愛情公寓, 情色, 舊情人, 男同志聊天室, 色色網, ,嘟嘟情人色網, UT男同志聊天室, 情色貼圖, 情色文學, 情色交友, 色情聊天室, 色情小說, 成人聊天室, 成人小說, 一葉情貼圖片區, 情色小說, 日本A片, 成人網站, 色情, 色情遊戲, 情色視訊, 情色電影, 聊天室尋夢園, 080聊天室, aio交友愛情館, 色情a片, 一夜情, 辣妹視訊, 視訊聊天室, 免費視訊聊天, 情色論壇, 做愛, 做愛影片, av片, 色情網站, 免費視訊, 視訊, 視訊美女, 美女視訊, 女同志聊天室, 小高聊天室, 視訊交友, 視訊聊天, 免費視訊聊天室, 情人視訊網, 080苗栗人聊天室, 6K聊天室, 影音視訊聊天室, 視訊交友90739, 成人影片, 成人交友, 本土自拍, 美女交友, 情色聊天室, 寄情築園小遊戲, AV女優, A片下載,

Anonymous said...

I am so happy to get some last chaos gold and the lastchaos gold is given by my close friend who tells me that the lastchaos money is the basis to enter into the game. Therefore, I should buy last chaos gold with the spare money and I gain some cheap lastchaos gold from other players.

Anonymous said...

酒店喝酒,禮服店,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,制服店,便服店,鋼琴酒吧,兼差,酒店兼差,酒店打工,伴唱小姐,暑假打工,酒店上班,日式酒店,舞廳,ktv酒店,酒店,酒店公關,酒店小姐,理容院,日領,龍亨,學生兼差,酒店兼差,酒店上班,酒店打工,禮服酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,經紀 彩色爆米花,經紀人 彩色爆米花,酒店傳播,酒店經紀 彩色爆米花,爆米花,童裝,童裝拍賣,童裝大盤,童裝寄賣,童裝批貨,酒店,酒店,童裝切貨,酒店,GAP童裝,酒店,酒店 ,禮服店 , 酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,招待所,

Anonymous said... .
[url=]puma shoes[/url]
[url=]chaussures puma[/url]
[url=]nike air max ltd[/url]

Anonymous said...


Anonymous said...

酒店經紀人, 菲梵酒店經紀, 酒店經紀, 禮服酒店上班, 酒店小姐兼職, 便服酒店經紀, 酒店打工經紀, 制服酒店工作, 專業酒店經紀, 合法酒店經紀, 酒店暑假打工, 酒店寒假打工, 酒店經紀人, 菲梵酒店經紀, 酒店經紀, 禮服酒店上班, 酒店經紀人, 菲梵酒店經紀, 酒店經紀, 禮服酒店上班, 酒店小姐兼職, 便服酒店工作, 酒店打工經紀, 制服酒店經紀, 專業酒店經紀, 合法酒店經紀, 酒店暑假打工, 酒店寒假打工, 酒店經紀人, 菲梵酒店經紀, 酒店經紀, 禮服酒店上班, 酒店小姐兼職, 便服酒店工作, 酒店打工經紀, 制服酒店經紀,,

Anonymous said...

Big Discount on! $110 Microsoft Office 2007,$139 Windows 7 ! Office Professional 2007 Office 2007 Ultimate Windows 7 Professional Windows 7 Ultimate Adobe Flash Adobe Flash Pro CS4 Adobe Illustrator CS4 Adobe Photoshop Adobe Acrobat Adobe Dreamweaver