Tuesday, April 01, 2008

What Exit?

In my civil procedure class, students often question the continuing vitality of diversity jurisdiction---the legal principle that permits state law cases to be brought in federal court solely because the plaintiff and defendant reside in different states. The premise of diversity jurisdiction is that the state courts will be biased in favor of parties from their own state. Presumably, the state judges themselves are the ones who will exhibit the bias, because jurors in federal court are drawn from the state within which the court sits.

My students wonder whether bias against out-of-staters is a widespread phenomenon. Their skepticism seems especially warranted given that for natural persons, state citizenship means domicile, which often won't correlate very well with whatever regional bias there is. For example, if I were to move to Alabama tomorrow, with the intent of remaining indefinitely, the premise underlying diversity jurisdiction would be that an Alabama court would be biased in my favor.

Whether or not diversity jurisdiction is justified, yesterday's Supreme Court decision in the original jurisdiction case of New Jersey v. Delaware illustrates that home state bias may not be entirely a thing of the past. The case involved the question whether Delaware had the authority to deny a NJ-approved offshore liquefied natural gas storage and processing facility. The facts and law are too tedious to describe, but Delaware won. Only two Justices voted for New Jersey: Justices Scalia and Alito, both natives of Trenton. Coincidence?

Posted by Mike Dorf

13 comments:

Tam said...

Trenton Makes, the World Takes.

Sobek said...

The only person who questioned the continued vitality of diversity jurisdiction in my Civ Pro class was the professor. He made what sounded to me like some good arguments in favor of doing away with diversity, but now that I've been practicing a few years, I've changed my mind completely.

In Las Vegas, bias probably doesn't play much of a factor (although it has in at least one case, where the judge was really tough on the out-of-state defendant, I assume because said defendant doesn't pay taxes in state, or have any influence on local elections). But if I have a case in rural Nevada, where the opposing party is a major economic figure in the county while my client is out of state, I guarantee you I will remove that case.

Maybe the problem wouldn't be so pronounced if we didn't elect our judges.

Michael C. Dorf said...

Conventional wisdom among the lawyers with whom I work confirms sobek's observations, even when state judges aren't elected. What my tongue in cheek post was suggesting was that federal judges (and Justices) can be homers too.

As for tam's comment, well, it's just sad. Trenton hasn't been a global manufacturing center for decades; yet that bridge mocks the city to millions of Amtrak passengers yearly. (If you don't know what we're talking about, google-image "trenton makes the world takes.")

Daniel said...

Does the vitality of diversity jurisdiction rest solely on perceived local biases of state jurisdictions to resolve such issues? I had always thought that diversity jurisdiction in part was to have the federal judiciary in the business of monitoring issues of interstate commerce and other legal issues that crossed state jurisdictional lines. Rather than simply a way for a litigant to avoid potential state bias for the other litigant, it was to enhance the role of the federal government. Now, I can see a normative case against the federal courts interjecting themselves into such issues, but wouldn't that have to be accounted in an assessment of diversity jurisdiction's vitality?

Michael C. Dorf said...

Daniel raises an interesting question. Officially, the answer has to be no, given that Erie RR v. Tompkins and subsequent cases instruct federal courts to predict what the state courts would do, rather than to instruct the state courts. Unofficially, federal court judges sometimes defend diversity jurisdiction on the ground that it gives them an opportunity to influence state law.

parliamentarian said...

Adding insult to injury (and an inferiority complex), Trenton has no exit.

Though born in Trenton, Scalia lived there only until he was five. Alito, on the other hand, had a local street named in his honor (and after the suit was commenced). Could a U.S. Supreme Court justice be so easily bought?

Sobek said...

"What my tongue in cheek post was suggesting was that federal judges (and Justices) can be homers too."

Yes they can. But, to amplify my previous comment, a lawsuit filed in state court in Elko, Nevada, will be removed to federal court in Reno. You might get a home-stater federal judge, but not likely an Elko guy. If you are a business looking to spread a little clout, it's a lot easier to do that in Elko than in Reno.

路傑 said...

免費A片, ut聊天室, AV女優, 美女視訊, 免費成人影片, 成人論壇, 情色交友, 免費AV, 線上a片, 日本美女寫真集, 同志聊天室, 聊天室交友, 成人文章, 成人圖片區, 色情網站, 辣妹視訊, 美女交友, 微風成人區, 色美媚部落格, 色情影片, 成人影片, 成人網站, 免費A片, 上班族聊天室, A片,H漫, 18成人, a漫, av dvd, 一夜情聊天室, 微風成人, 成人圖片, 成人漫畫, 情色網, 日本A片, 免費A片下載, 性愛, 成人交友, 嘟嘟成人網, 嘟嘟成人網, 成人貼圖, 成人電影, 成人, 中部人聊天室, 080中部人聊天室, 成人貼圖, 成人小說, 成人文章, 成人圖片區, 免費成人影片, 成人遊戲, 微風成人, 愛情公寓, 成人電影, A片, 情色, 情色貼圖, 情色文學, 做愛, 成人遊戲, 成人影城, 色情聊天室, 色情小說, 一葉情貼圖片區, 情色小說, 色情, 寄情築園小遊戲, 色情遊戲, 成人網站, 麗的色遊戲, 色情網站, 成人論壇, 情色視訊, 情色電影, aio交友愛情館, 言情小說, 愛情小說, 色情A片, 情色論壇, 自拍, 癡漢, , 俱樂部, 豆豆聊天室, 聊天室, 色情影片, 視訊聊天室, 免費視訊聊天, 免費視訊, 視訊交友90739 情人視訊網影音視訊聊天室 免費視訊聊天室 視訊聊天 視訊交友 美女視訊 視訊美女 視訊 免費視訊 免費視訊聊天 視訊聊天室 辣妹視訊 一夜情 色情a片 aio交友愛情館 情色電影 情色視訊 色情遊戲 色情 情色小說 一葉情貼圖片區 色情小說 色情聊天室 情色交友 成人論壇 成人網站 色情網站 情色論壇 小高聊天室 女同志聊天室 6K聊天室 080苗栗人聊天室 080聊天室 聊天室尋夢園 UT男同志聊天室 男同志聊天室 尋夢園聊天室 UT聊天室 聊天室 豆豆聊天室 A片 成人電影 成人貼圖 嘟嘟成人網 美女交友 本土自拍 成人交友 成人影片http://ssff01.3b8mm.com/

kutyhgvd said...

I am so happy to get some hero gold and the hero online gold is given by my close friend who tells me that the hero online money is the basis to enter into the game. Therefore, I should buy hero gold with the spare money and I gain some hero money from other players.

. said...

酒店喝酒,禮服店,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,制服店,便服店,鋼琴酒吧,兼差,酒店兼差,酒店打工,伴唱小姐,暑假打工,酒店上班,日式酒店,舞廳,ktv酒店,酒店,酒店公關,酒店小姐,理容院,日領,龍亨,學生兼差,酒店兼差,酒店上班,酒店打工,禮服酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,台北酒店,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,禮服店 ,酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,酒店小姐,經紀 彩色爆米花,經紀人 彩色爆米花,酒店傳播,酒店經紀 彩色爆米花,爆米花,童裝,童裝拍賣,童裝大盤,童裝寄賣,童裝批貨,酒店,酒店,童裝切貨,酒店,GAP童裝,酒店,酒店 ,禮服店 , 酒店小姐,酒店經紀,酒店兼差,寒暑假打工,招待所,

wsty said...

www.eshooes.com .
www.pumafr.com.
www.myshoess.com.
[url=http://www.pumafr.com]puma shoes[/url]
[url=http://www.eshooes.com]chaussures puma[/url]
[url=http://www.myshoess.com]nike air max ltd[/url]

酒店經紀ㄚ君姐姐 said...

,,姐.,便服/,,

freefun0616 said...

酒店經紀人, 菲梵酒店經紀, 酒店經紀, 禮服酒店上班, 酒店小姐兼職, 便服酒店經紀, 酒店打工經紀, 制服酒店工作, 專業酒店經紀, 合法酒店經紀, 酒店暑假打工, 酒店寒假打工, 酒店經紀人, 菲梵酒店經紀, 酒店經紀, 禮服酒店上班, 酒店經紀人, 菲梵酒店經紀, 酒店經紀, 禮服酒店上班, 酒店小姐兼職, 便服酒店工作, 酒店打工經紀, 制服酒店經紀, 專業酒店經紀, 合法酒店經紀, 酒店暑假打工, 酒店寒假打工, 酒店經紀人, 菲梵酒店經紀, 酒店經紀, 禮服酒店上班, 酒店小姐兼職, 便服酒店工作, 酒店打工經紀, 制服酒店經紀,,